SafeCare Modules

Health Module

The goals of this module are to train parents to use health reference materials, prevent illness, identify symptoms of childhood illnesses or injuries, and provide or seek appropriate treatment by following the steps of a task analysis. To assess actual health-related behavior, parents role-play health scenarios and decide whether to treat the child at home, call a medical provider, or seek emergency treatment. Parents are provided with a medically validated health manual that includes a symptom guide, information about planning and prevention, caring for a child at home, calling a physician or nurse, and emergency care. Parents are also supplied with health recording charts and basic health supplies (e.g., thermometer). After successfully completing this module, parents are able to identify symptoms of illnesses and injuries, as well as determine and seek the most appropriate health treatment for their child.

Home Safety Module

This module involves the identification and elimination of safety and health hazards by making them inaccessible to children. The Home Accident Prevention Inventory (HAPI) is a validated and reliable assessment checklist designed to help a provider measure the number of environmental and health hazards accessible to children in their homes. Rooms are evaluated using this assessment tool and then training takes place to assist parents in identifying and reducing the number of hazards and making them inaccessible to their children. Safety latches are supplied to families. This protocol is effective in significantly reducing hazards in the home and these reductions have been found to be maintained over time.

Parent-Child/Parent-Infant Interactions Module

This module consists of training on parent-infant interactions (birth to 8-10 months) and parent-child interactions (8-10 months to 5 years). This purpose of this module is to teach parents to provide engaging and stimulating activities, increase positive interactions, and prevent troublesome child behavior. The primary method for teaching this module is Planned Activities Training (PAT) Checklist. Providers observe parent-child play and/or daily routines and code for specific parenting behaviors. Positive behaviors are reinforced and problematic behaviors are addressed and modified during the in-home sessions. Providers teach parents to use PAT checklists to help structure their everyday activities. Parents also receive activity cards that have prompts for engaging in planned activities.

Problem Solving

An additional focal point of the SafeCare model is problem-solving skills. Problem-solving is used by SafeCare providers to help parents work through the many problems they may face that are not addressed by the SafeCare model. Structured problem-solving involves correctly framing the problem, generating potential solutions, identifying pros and cons of those solutions, choosing a solution, and acting. Problem-solving is used across the three SafeCare modules as needed.